Baja California has six border crossing points by ground with California,
and a maritime custom in the Port of Ensenada. The custom buildings
for traffic by ground are located in the municipalities of Tijuana,
Tecate and Mexicali, and border with the U.S.A. towns of San Ysidro,
Otay and Tecate in the San Diego County, and with Calexico and Los
Algodones in the Imperial County. All those border cross points
have custom buildings and services.
The buildings are some of the most modern and large of our country,
designed to be capable of offering their service during the next
15 years. In the State exist a great number of registered custom
agencies that offer their services to contractors that do operations
of international commerce.
It is calculated that the quantity of automobile border transit,
be it tourism or commercial, was of 177,000 units per day in the
year 2000. In the Frontier Port of Tijuana-San Ysidro, which presents
the most traffic in our North border, 50,000 crossings by vehicle
and 25,000 by foot occur per day.
The Baja California State has a roadway net of 6,955.6 miles; the
four lane roadways cover 232.5 miles, the two lane roadways equal
1,501.25 miles, the covering roads equal 2,557.5 miles; 1,932.5
miles belong to breaches and 223.1 miles to dirt roads. The roadway
net of the Mexicali Valley represents 412.5 miles.
Four lane roadways connect the four main municipalities of the
State. The transportation by roadway is the main medium for the
traveling of load and persons in the State.
The supply of electric energy is accomplished from different generating
sources, resulting in that the generating of electric energy in
the State fully satisfies its necessities, and part of the surplus
is exported to the U.S.A. and to our neighboring State of Sonora.
The electric industry has the production capacity of supplying
the demand for the next seven years. The real wattage installed
is of 2,285 Mw. Here exist 4 Geothermic Centrals of 720 Mw, in addition
to a Thermoelectric of 625 Mw and another of Combined Cycle of 559
Mw; also, there are four small plants of 379 Mw functioning.
The main source of energy is the endogenous vapor that generates
half of the total production, which totals the 7,500 Gigawatts per
hour annually. Even more, in Mexicali exists a source of natural
gas and a gas pipeline with the capacity of 500 millions of cubic
feet per day is being built for the transport of this fuel to Tijuana.
Baja California has the first place respecting the number of industrial
parks in Mexico, having an important infrastructure of industrial
parks and centers, a total of 86 distributed in the following manner:
Tijuana = 51
Mexicali = 24
Ensenada = 6
Tecate = 3
Playas de Rosarito = 2
These cover more than 2,600 hectares of surface destined for industrial
purposes. All these parks and centers have the urbanization services
and industrial infrastructure up to the level and demands of their
The telephone services in the State are efficient at attending
the demand. Important investments have been made for the increase
on installed capacity and to introduce the technological advances
that are at the forefront of modern telephone services. The telephone
net is constituted by optic fiber in its totality, which allows
the offer of new services with digital technology in communication.
Nowadays, there are services such as: possibility of private nets,
of support to the information of private companies to allow easy
contact with their clients with the transmission of data, telephone
mail, among others; and the demand for installment in any city of
the State can be fulfilled.
Even more, the 800 national and international services is offered
for companies, which allows the contact with potential clients and
increases the possibilities of more sales.
Local interconnection exists with other forms of telecommunication
nets such as cellular telephone service. The communication services
offered are the Frame Relay, an efficient connection of LAN´S
and WAN´S nets, and other computer and transmission of digital
data systems. Also the transmission of voice, data and video signals
The service of message mail of voice, data and fax is available.
Even more, the LADATEL service for local and large distance calls
is available. The telephone service is highly competitive at an
international level, and is rated among the finest in the world.
Four international airports in Tijuana, Mexicali, San Felipe and
Ensenada can transport any one to their destination, national or
international. The international airports of San Diego and Los Angeles
are less than two hours away from our border, making virtually possible
the flight to any place in the world.
A fleet of 1,362 buses, 1,391 micro-buses and 6,673 taxis accomplishes
urban transportation, which together makes a total of 9,426 public
transportation units and that cover the necessities of transportation
in the urban zones of all municipalities.
In the State exist more than 40 transportation companies that can
cover the national and international carrying services. As a result
of the North America Free Trade Agreement, it is expected that the
number of transporters increases with companies from the U.S.A.
that have been authorized to offer their international carrying
services in the border states of Mexico.
The national railway system enters by Mexicali and continues to
California. Our great roadway system connects us with our five cities,
and with the rest of our country. Our port installations in Ensenada
provide a complete service of load transportation. Also, the Long
Beach Port, the biggest in South California, offers its services.